Vehicle data sheet
ZIL 131 (open version)
Manufacturer: , Soviet Union
|Type: Trucks||Weight: 7.2 t|
|Produced: 1950||Size: Length 6.5 m, Height 2.5 m|
|Number built: 500000||Engine: Gasoline, 109 HP|
|Crew: 2||Speed: 94 km/h|
The layout of the Zil-131 is conventional, with the engine at the front, fully enclosed two-door all-steel cab in the centre and the cargo area at the rear, consisting of a wooden platform with metal fittings and a hinged tailgate. The platform has recesses for the bows and hinged bench seats are provided down either side of the platform.Main improvements of the Zil-131 over the earlier Zil-157 can be summarised as increased load-carrying capacity, more powerful engine, power steering, shorter wheelbase, waterproof ignition and the Central Tyre Inflation System (CTIS). The front axle is engaged automatically when the driver selects first gear and the driver can also engage the front axle manually when in second gear.The vehicle is used for transporting cargo or personnel and as a prime mover for towing artillery such as the 122 mm D-30 howitzer. A 4,500 kg capacity winch is fitted and standard equipment includes a cab heater and an engine pre-heater.